What is Ethernet and Ethernet Switch

Published by Harmony August 21,2020

What is Ethernet and Ethernet Switch




The concept of Ethernet:


Ethernet:is the most commonly used communication protocol standard used in existing LANs. It uses CSMA/CD technology transmission (that is, carrier sense multiple access and collision detection technology).


Simply talk about the principle of carrier-monitoring multi-access and collision detection technology: when a node wants to send data to another node in the network, it first listens to the channel; if the channel is idle, it sends data and continues to listen; if When a conflict is detected during data transmission, the data transmission is stopped, and after waiting for a while, the data is restarted.


Using CSMA/CD technology to transmit on both the network cable and the optical fiber, we all know that the network cable is an electrical signal communication transmission, and the optical fiber is an optical signal communication transmission. Packet communication is carried out during the transmission process, and the packet is actually an Ethernet frame. It is equivalent to packing the signal into a segment of the Ethernet frame, and then transmitting communication to each other in each medium.


Ethernet switch concept:


As the name implies, an Ethernet switch is a switch that transmits data over Ethernet. It is structured in such a way that each port is directly connected to the device and operates in full-duplex mode. The switch can connect multiple pairs of ports at the same time, so that each pair of hosts communicating with each other can transmit data independently and without conflict.




The Ethernet switches we use are usually connected to devices such as NVR (Network DVR), DVR (DVR), IPC (Network Camera), router, PC, server and other devices. These connected devices will each have their own MAC address, and their devices must have an IP address specific to it.


The Ethernet switch works in the second layer of the OSI network reference model (that is, the data link layer), and is a network device based on MAC (Media Access Control) address recognition and completing Ethernet data frame forwarding.


The Ethernet switch accepts the data frame sent by the network on the port, identifies the data, and then forwards the data frame from the corresponding port, thereby implementing data exchange.